U.S. jobless claims drop to pandemic low of 385,000

The decline reflects a steady recovery in the job market as the economy reopens further.


ROGELIO V. SOLIS / Associated Press

Supervisor Rob Bondurant works in a Mississippi packaging facility on May 28, 2021.

PAUL WISEMAN, Associated Press

WASHINGTON — The number of Americans seeking unemployment benefits fell last week for a fifth straight week to a new pandemic low, the latest evidence that the U.S. job market is regaining its health as the economy reopens further.
The Labor Department reported Thursday that jobless claims dropped to 385,000, down 20,000 from the week before. The number of weekly applications for unemployment aid, which generally reflects the pace of layoffs, has fallen steadily all year, though it remains high by historical standards.
The decline in applications reflects a swift rebound in economic growth and the job market’s steady recovery from the coronavirus recession. More Americans are venturing out to shop, travel, dine out and congregate at entertainment venues. That renewed spending has led companies to seek new workers.
Employers have added 1.8 million jobs this year — an average of more than 450,000 a month — and the government’s May jobs report that will be released today is expected to show that they added an additional 656,000 last month, according to a survey of economists by the data firm FactSet. The economy remains down 8.2 million jobs from February 2020, just before the virus tore through the economy.
AnnElizabeth Konkel, economist at the Indeed Hiring Lab, noted that the number of people collecting traditional state unemployment benefits rose by 169,000 in the week of May 22 to nearly 3.8 million.
“Reviving a labor market after a deadly pandemic is complicated,” she said. “Not all indicators move at the same speed or take the same recovery path. Hopefully, the COVID-19 cases continue to decline as the number of fully vaccinated individuals rises. Fully returning to pre-COVID normal is essential to a full labor market recovery.”

In the meantime, U.S. employers are posting a record number of available jobs. Many of them have complained that they can’t find enough workers to meet rising customer demand.
Job growth slowed sharply in April compared with March, a pullback widely attributed to a labor shortage in some industries, especially restaurants and others in the hospitality sector.

Fully returning to pre-COVID normal is essential to a full labor market recovery.

— AnnElizabeth Konkel, Indeed Hiring Lab economist

At least 25 states have responded by announcing plans to cut some emergency federal aid to the unemployed — including a $300-a-week federal benefit — as early as next week. Critics argue that the extra federal unemployment aid, on top of regular state jobless benefits, discourages some people from seeking work.
Weekly applications for unemployment aid, which topped 900,000 in early January, have fallen steadily all year. Before COVID-19 all but paralyzed the economy in March 2020, claims were regularly coming in below 230,000 a week.
In the week that ended May 15, 15.4 million people were receiving some form of jobless aid, including special federal aid programs for the unemployed during the pandemic. That was down from 15.8 million the previous week. That figure has steadily declined from about 20 million in December.

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